January

  • Fireplace ashes can be saved to use a fertilizer for your Iris and other alkaline soil plants.
  • If the ground is workable at all (not frozen and not too wet), now is an excellent time to turn the soil. Not only will this expose insect eggs to the effects of winter and hungry birds, the freezing will help to break apart heavy clods of dirt
  • Prune woody plants while dormant, including fruit trees, summer-blooming shrubs & vines. Select the strongest & most vigorous branches to remain. Prune out diseased & weak branches.
  • Fertilize acid-loving plants (Azalea, Rhododendron, Camellia, Holly, etc.). Follow label instructions.
  • Add a handful of lime to Crape Myrtles to prevent powdery mildew
  • Check winter mulch in beds & around trees. Replenish to 3” to 4” deep.
  • Prune berry bushes to encourage new growth & fruit production.
  • Deadhead pansies to encourage blooming.
  • After a winter storm, gently shake snow from evergreen branches & let icy covering melt naturally.
  • Can use leftover Christmas trees & wreaths as mulch (just cut off the branches & lay over beds), or leave intact & place where birds can use for protection.
  • Continue to water plant material if no significant rainfall, especially newly installed plants.
  • Cut back any remaining perennials.
  • Continue blowing leaves from bed areas.
  • Remember our feathered friends in this cold month….keep out food & plenty of fresh water.
  • Replenish or replace mulch around trees, shrubs & in bed areas to a minimum depth of 3” to 4” for cold weather protection.
  • Can use dormant oil spray on trunks & branches of fruit trees to kill over-wintering adult insects & their eggs. Follow label instructions.
  • Spray evergreens to control lace bugs, spider mites, scale & whiteflies. Follow label instructions.
  • This is a great month for a landscape design! Go ahead & get your thoughts on paper so you can hit the garden centers when spring arrives!